172 Access - protection in respect of offences

If access has been given to a document and—

(a) the access was required or permitted to be given under this Act; or

(b) the access was authorised by a decision-maker, in the genuine belief that the access was required or permitted to be given under this Act; neither the person authorising the access nor any other person concerned in the giving of the access commits a criminal offence merely because of authorising or giving of the access.