Section 45(3)

(3) Matter is exempt matter if—

(a) it would disclose the purpose or results of research, whether or not the research is yet to be started, the research has started but is unfinished, or the research is finished; and

(b) its disclosure could reasonably be expected to have an adverse effect on the agency or other person by or on whose behalf the research was, is being, or is intended to be, carried out.